Monday, February 18, 2013

Battle of Burgos – 28th August 1813

Tactical Map at start of battle
1st Spanish division have orders to advance and attack
2nd British division have orders to advance and attack
6th French division have orders to hold
14th Westphalian division have orders to hold
8 infantry brigade have orders to rejoin division

Table at start of battle
Road top left leads to Castillo
Road on right leads to Burgos
Both buildings are farms
Road bottom left is a minor farm track

7th French corps is deployed to hold the Burgos road
2nd Allied corps has orders to attack

General Graham with 2nd allied corps
1st Spanish division, on the left, is full strength
2nd British division, on the right, has 80 casualties

General Villante with 7th French corps
6th French division, on the right, has 120 casualties
14th Westphalian division, on the left, has 80 casualties, and one brigade in Burgos

Move 1 – 0800 to 0900 
Allied corps advance towards the hills with cavalry on flanks
French corps hold their position

Move 2 – 0900 to 1000
Allied corps advance through the hills
General Graham (far hill) moves to take command of the isolated British cavalry
6th French division (nearest camera) moves artillery to cover the nearest pass

Move 3 – 1000 to 1100
Allied corps continue to advance over the hills and through the passes
Spanish division move onto hills either side of the pass to avoid enemy artillery
French artillery is still out of range

Move 4 – 1100 to 1200
Graham moves to join British division and orders them to Engage
British advance into French artillery range.
French artillery fire on highland brigade and inflict 10% casualties

Move 5 – 1200 to 1300
8th Westphalian brigade arrives from Burgos and moves to join division
British artillery fire on nearest Westphalian brigade and inflict 10% casualties
Westphalian artillery fire on highland brigade and inflict 10% more casualties
Highlanders fail morale and rout
British gunners test morale for rout within 4”, fail and also rout
Portuguese brigade test morale for rout within 4”, fail and also rout
French chasseurs charge Spanish dragoons
Chasseurs lose melee and retire shaken with 20% casualties

Move 6 – 1300 to 1400
Villante orders the Westphalians to advance and engage the shaken British division
Westphalian lancers charge British dragoons who lose melee and retire shaken
Shaken French cavalry withdraw behind infantry square but fail to rally
French artillery inflict 20% casualties on nearest Spanish infantry who lose morale and rout
Spanish division continues to advance and engage French
British division have received orders to halt and hold their position

Move 7 – 1400 to 1500
British division attempt to rally routed brigades
Westphalian division moves forward to engage remaining British infantry on hill
Westphalian lancers rout British heavy dragoons
Spanish artillery unlimber on hill and open fire on French infantry
Remainder of Spanish division move forward on Engage orders

Move 8 – 1500 to 1600
British infantry on hill form line to meet Westphalian infantry
Westphalian infantry approach hill
Spanish infantry win initial skirmish fight with French infantry
French infantry advance, form line and volley fire Spanish infantry
Spanish infantry rout

Move 9 – 1600 to 1700
Graham orders his corps to break contact and retreat

Table at end of battle


The allies have lost 960 infantry casualties and 6 brigades in rout
The French have lost 80 cavalry and 480 infantry casualties and one brigade shaken

The first French victory of the campaign, and a most decisive one
Most casualties have been in 6th French division
14th Westphalian division has only suffered 80 casualties

Second Allied Corps have suffered a decisive defeat
Most casualties have been in 1st Spanish division
2nd British division has suffered light casualties
Four Spanish and two British brigades are in rout

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