Saturday, February 2, 2013

Battle of Pancobo – 27th August 1813

Tactical Map at start of battle
1st British division have orders to advance and engage
2nd Spanish division have orders to support 1st division
3rd French division have orders to hold
6 cavalry brigade have orders to recce
16th Italian division have orders to hold
16 cavalry brigade have orders to recce
8 infantry brigade are detached to garrison Pancorbo

Table at start of battle 
Road top centre is a minor farm track
Road on right leads to Pancorbo
Road left leads to Aguillar
Road bottom left is a minor farm track
Road south leads to Madrid

6th French corps is deployed to hold the Pancorbo road
1st Allied corps will enter on the road centre left

General Leval with 6th French Corps
3rd French division, on right, is missing 11 infantry brigade with heavy casualties
16th Italian division, on left, is missing 8 infantry brigade in garrison at Pancorbo

Move 1 – 0800 to 0900
1st British division enter table in column of march from the left
Cavalry deploy on their left to protect the columns
French cavalry retire to join their divisions

Move 2 – 0900 to 1000
1st British division continue to advance
French wait for allied deployment
British division halt, unlimber their artillery and form square to protect the guns

Move 3 – 1000 to 1100
Leval orders 3rd division to advance against the allied left flank
British halt and deploy, infantry form square to protect gunners

Move 4 – 1100 to 1200
French halt and unlimber at long range
French have heavier guns, with longer range, than the British

Move 5 – 1200 to 1300
Spanish division starts to arrive
Advance to right of British division
French artillery fire on British cavalry, but no casualties
British artillery is out of range of French division

Move 6 – 1300 to 1400
Spanish division advance level with British division
French artillery cause 10% casualties to British hussars

Move 7 – 1400 to 1500
Hill orders 1st British division to advance
Their cavalry move to threaten French right flank
Infantry form column of attack
French fire on British infantry but no casualties
Spanish artillery unlimber, infantry form column of attack

Move 8 – 1500 to 1600
The Spanish division are finally in line, and the allied corps can now advance
French artillery continues to fire on the British division.
Highland brigade are hit and have now lost 20% casualties

Move 9 – 1600 to 1700
3rd French division (top) advance towards the British division
Spanish division advance
Allied artillery are now in range and open fire

Move 10 – 1700 to 1800
Spanish lancers charge, and rout, French hussars
British infantry approach French line
Artillery on both sides cause casualties, but no loss of morale

Move 11 – 1800 to 1900
Spanish columns approach French line
British infantry exchange fire with French
1st British brigade lose firefight and rout
French dragoons move towards right flank to counter British hussars

Move 12 – 1900 to 2000
Spanish infantry columns survive canister fire
Close with French infantry and rout them
British infantry win fire fight with two French brigades

Move 13 – 2000 to 2100
British artillery rout French infantry
British infantry withdraw shaken
Italian infantry break in face of determined Spanish attack

Italian infantry and cavalry break and rout
Italian artillery, supported by one infantry brigade, fails to break Spanish attack
Spanish division have achieved a notable victory with minimum casualties

The British division has been forced to withdraw
However the Spanish division have broken the Italian division

Casualties have been heavy on both sides
The allies have lost 40 cavalry and 1040 infantry
The French have lost 80 cavalry and 1440 infantry

Yet another allied victory, the fourth of the campaign
However both allied divisions are now very fragile
The Spanish have escaped with minimum casualties
Had they suffered more their poor morale would probably have resulted in rout
Nightfall has robbed the Spanish of the opportunity to pursue the broken Italian division

1 comment:

  1. Nice report Paul. One needs luck if playing Spanish and it appears that they had it in spades here, especially the cavalry!